Journal of Toxiocology and Environmental Health (JTEH)

Strategies for Clean Air and Health

The task of identifying air quality management interventions to improve human health and the environment involves making decisions based on a number of scientific, technical, and economic considerations within a social and political context. This special issue of the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Heatlh, Part A (Volume 70, Numbers 3-4: 183-364) in 2007 with Guest Editors Lorraine Craig, Daniel Krewski, John Sorthreed, Jonathan M. Samet addresses the following key topics underlying air quality risk management:

  1. atmospheric science,
  2. air pollution health effects,
  3. mechanism of effects,
  4. policy tools and approaches, and
  5. science-policy issues.

The papers are based on presentations by North American and European air quality scientists, policy-makers and stakeholders at the “Strategies for Clean Air and Health” Colloquium organized jointly by NERAM (Network for Environmental Risk Assessment and Management), AIRNET European Network on Air Pollution and Health, and the Rome E Health Authority.

 The volume highlights the importance of air pollution as a local, national, and global public health concern and identifies research and policy strategies to make further progress in air quality management to protect public health. Two hundred delegates from 22 countries concluded that “policy-makers should implement strategies that will achieve environmental and public health co-benefits, for example by integrating clean air goals within urban planning, health promotion, and climate change/energy demand management initiatives”. The role of effective communication among scientists, policymakers, stakeholders and the public was recognized as critical to the development of effective air quality policies.  The Conference Statement identifies the need for exposure and health impact assessments to assess the benefits of current and future air quality management strategies and to refine the development of interventions. Part I of the volume provides a Canadian and European perspective on ambient concentrations of air pollutants in major cities and characterizes the role of local transportation and industrial emission sources. Part II presents an overview of health effects associated with exposure to ambient air pollution based on North American and European studies and explores uncertainties in their estimation using Canadian data. Part III investigates biomarker methods to assess exposure levels and mechanisms of effect. Part IV describes tools and approaches to guide the development of air quality policy.  Case studies of policy strategies in Europe illustrate the challenges faced by regulators in developing effective risk reduction strategies. In Part V, issues arising during the interface between science and the development of policy strategies are discussed from a European perspective. 

This special issue presents a unique collection of international perspectives on air quality science and risk management policy issues that serves as a comprehensive resource to guide the development of future air quality policy strategies.

Reference:
Craig, L., Krewski, D., Shortreed, J., and  Samet, J.M. Guest Editors. 2007. Strategies for Clean Air and Health.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A Volume 70, Issue 3-4: 183-364.


Published twenty-four times per year, the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A features strictly refereed original research in the field of environmental toxicology in general as well as in special interest fields such as target organ toxicities, immunotoxicology, risk assessment, carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, ecotoxicology, environmental factors affecting health, and aquatic toxicology.
Subscription information for the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A or a sample copy can be obtained from the address below.  To view the special issue (Vol. 70, Number 3-4), go to www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/15287394.asp

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To submit an article, contact:
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Editor-in-Chief
McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment
Institute of Population Health, Room 310
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario
K1N 6N5
skacew@uottawa.ca